Fabric with smooth, lustrous and often shiny face and a matte finish on the back.
Lustrous and smooth, satin brings to mind beautiful bridal gowns, special-occasion blouses and dresses, and luxurious sleepwear and sheets.
Satin is one of the three basic weaves, the others being plain-weave and twill. Satin weave produces a glossy face and a matte back. The sheen on the face is a result of the high number of warp or weft floats. Warp satins is the more common; four or more warp yarns lie on top of a single weft yarn. The sheen that we see in satin is the result of this weave structure.
Originally, satin was considered only true satin when made of silk; today, satin can be made of rayon or synthetics and, less commonly, wool. Of these, rayon has the most drape, with silk and polyester following.
There are many types of satin; the most popular include
- Antique satin
- Crepe-backed satin
- Double-faced satin
- Dutchess (or Duchesse) satin
- Slipper satin
Satins are also used in making brocades.
Use satin for formal dresses and bridal gowns, blouses, robes and nightgowns, and linings and facings.
Satin made with short-staple cotton is called sateen.