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Satin

satin

Fabric with smooth, lustrous and often shiny face and a matte finish on the back.

Lustrous and smooth, satin brings to mind beautiful bridal gowns, special-occasion blouses and dresses, and luxurious sleepwear and sheets.

Satin is one of the three basic weaves, the others being plain-weave and twill. Satin weave produces a glossy face and a matte back. The sheen on the face is a result of the high number of warp or weft floats. Warp satins is the more common; four or more warp yarns lie on top of a single weft yarn. The sheen that we see in satin is the result of this weave structure.

Originally, satin was considered only true satin when made of silk; today, satin can be made of rayon or synthetics and, less commonly, wool. Of these, rayon has the most drape, with silk and polyester following.

There are many types of satin; the most popular include

  • Antique satin
  • Charmeuse
  • Crepe-backed satin
  • Double-faced satin
  • Dutchess (or Duchesse) satin
  • Slipper satin

Satins are also used in making brocades.

Use satin for formal dresses and bridal gowns, blouses, robes and nightgowns, and linings and facings.

Satin made with short-staple cotton is called sateen.

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