A fabric with a design that is woven or knitted in.
The jacquard loom, invented in France in 1801 by Jean Marie Jacquard, enables weavers to create intricate tone-on-tone or multicolor patterns in a fabric by the manipulation of individual warp threads during the weaving process. Knitted jacquards are created on machines that produce similar patterns and designs in knitted fabrics.
Jacquard fabrics have two faces and are often completely reversible. The design on one face is denser, and the design on the opposite face is lighter. You can use just one side; or you can use both sides in the same garment – one as the main fabric, the other as contrasting lapels, collars, cuffs or pockets.
The fiber content of woven jacquard fabrics can be silk, cotton, wool, or synthetic. Knitted jacquards can contain wool, cotton, or acrylic.
Jacquard weaves are the basis for several types of fabrics with woven designs. The damask cloth on your dining table is a type of jacquard. The beautiful silk brocade of a cheongsam is another type of jacquard. Tapestry fabrics are also created using the jacquard loom.
The many possibilities for combining colors, fibers, and yarns of different weight and texture give us a range of beautiful jacquard fabrics to choose from. Intricate, natural-fiber jacquards of high quality can be quite expensive. Simpler jacquards can be equally beautiful, and more affordable.
Use jacquards for garments, home décor items, draperies, and tote bags.
Tips & Tricks
Choose simple designs for jacquards with intricate patterns.
Use the with-nap layout for jacquard fabrics.
Jacquard fabrics tend to fray easily. Overlock or bind cut edges.
Flat-fell seams work well for medium to heavy jacquards. French seams work for lightweight jacquards.
Check the fiber content before prewashing. Washing can change the hand, and with it, the appearance of some jacquards.
Use a microtex or universal needle of a size appropriate for the weight of the fabric.